- Bitcoin’s transaction backlog surpassed 157,000, with fees for high-priority transactions reaching $3.38.
- Social media users and experts continue to debate blockchain scalability as Ethereum and Bitcoin fees impact user affordability.
- The crypto community scrutinized monolithic vs. modular blockchain architectures in light of recent network congestion.
The Bitcoin network is currently facing a substantial backlog of transactions, reminiscent of the congestion seen in mid-September. As of early November, over 157,000 transactions were pending confirmation, a significant uptick from the lull experienced at the beginning of October.
This congestion precipitated a sharp rise in transaction fees, with high-priority transactions now costing users an average of $3.38, a stark increase from the mere $0.08 observed on October 3. The average fee for a Bitcoin transaction has escalated to 0.00011 BTC, or roughly $3.71, with a median fee of 0.000061 BTC, equating to $2.12.
The network’s activity surge, particularly on November 4, was significantly influenced by a high volume of Ordinal inscriptions, marking it as one of the busiest periods for the Bitcoin network. This activity has led to a bloated mempool and a consequential rise in transaction fees.
In comparison, Ethereum’s median transaction fee currently sits at 0.0014 ETH, or $2.66, which was overshadowed by the average cost for Bitcoin block space. This development has reignited the debate around blockchain scalability and the potential of layer 2 solutions.
The cryptocurrency community took to social media to express their concerns over the rising costs. Screenshots circulated online showed Ethereum transaction fees soaring to $220 for high-priority transactions, with Bitcoin users reporting fees around $10 for similar priority levels. These fees mark a significant increase from the $1 average observed over the past three months.
The debate extended beyond technical discussions, touching on the broader implications for users, especially those from lower-income brackets. One X user, Hector Lopez, highlighted the disparity, questioning the inclusivity of blockchain technology when “a ‘high priority’ Bitcoin transaction fee of $10.50” is required, as noted on November 9.
It now costs $10 to transfer money on Bitcoin.— Hector Lopez (@hlopez_) November 9, 2023
How does this help the unbanked and lower income population? pic.twitter.com/0OBKCFZu3E
The debate extends to the architecture of blockchain networks. While Bitcoin and Ethereum have chosen to prioritize decentralization and security, offloading transactions to layer 2 networks like the Lightning Network and Ethereum’s Arbitrum and Optimism, some argue for a base-layer-focused approach. This sentiment was echoed by Justin Bons, founder of Cyber Capital, who advocated for a monolithic blockchain architecture, as exemplified by Solana.
L2s are a terrible replacement for L1 scaling— Justin Bons (@Justin_Bons) October 28, 2023
In fact, L2s do not scale the L1 at all; if anything L2s compete with the L1 over fees
Weakening the security & economics of the L1
All while delivering worse UX, lower security & fragmenting liquidity
"L2 scaling" is parasitical!
Despite the congestion and rising fees, the ongoing discussions highlight the evolving nature of blockchain technology and the continuous search for a balance between scalability, security, and decentralization. The community’s response to these challenges is expected to shape the future trajectory of blockchain networks.