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What Is Influencing El Salvador To Adapt Bitcoin?

El Salvador, a country famous for its stunning beaches, is gaining attraction for adopting Bitcoin. It made headlines with its announcement that it would recognize Bitcoin as legal tender. In this article, we will discuss the driving factors behind this bold move and its implications for the nation’s economic and financial landscape.   

El Salvador’s Bitcoin Experiment

In 2019, the first Bitcoin experiment was started in a small coastal city by the name of El Zonte. The experiment was divided into three different phases, and they are,

  • The initial phase focused on channeling Bitcoin into the city and establishing the essential technological infrastructure to facilitate Bitcoin transactions for local businesses. 
  • The second phase concentrated on educating the local community on utilizing technology for Bitcoin payments and remittances. This eliminates transaction fees and fosters financial empowerment. 
  • The final phase featured a range of activities, such as surfing lessons, local tours, and many others, all of which were payable with Bitcoins.

This transformation earned the town the moniker “Bitcoin Beach” and set the stage for El Salvador’s significant embrace of cryptocurrency.

At the Bitcoin Conference in Miami on June 5th, 2021, President Nayib Bukele’s administration unveiled the groundbreaking “Bitcoin Law,” designating Bitcoin as an official form of currency in El Salvador. The Ministry of Economy submitted this legislation as a draft bill to the National Assembly, leading to its official declaration as legal tender on September 7th, 2021. With all the necessary technical infrastructure in place and operational, including Bitcoin ATMs, El Salvador achieved a historic milestone, becoming the world’s first country to recognize Bitcoin as legal tender. Some of the important provisions of the legislature include,

  • Authorization for discharging debts without limitations and accepting Bitcoin as payment for goods and services.
  • Permission to settle tax payments and previous obligations denominated in US dollars using Bitcoin.
  • Offer of permanent residency to foreign investors who invest a minimum of 3 BTC.  
  • Utilization of US dollars as a reference for accounting purposes, alongside the government’s provision of an instant Bitcoin-to-US dollar conversion system for users.

Reasons Behind El Salvador’s Interest In Bitcoin

  • Financial Inclusion: With over 70% of El Salvador’s population lacking access to traditional banking services, Bitcoin offers a decentralized and accessible alternative, potentially bridging the gap and fostering financial inclusion.  
  • Remittance: Remittances constitute a significant portion of El Salvador’s GDP, with families relying on funds from relatives abroad. Bitcoin presents an opportunity to streamline remittance payments, reduce transaction fees, and enhance speed and security.
  • Diversification: Embracing Bitcoin as a store of value allows El Salvador to diversify its currency reserves, reducing dependency on the US dollar and potentially mitigating the impact of currency fluctuations.

El Salvador’s Chivo Wallet

To promote Bitcoin adoption in the country and seamlessly integrate it into the national financial infrastructure, the government of El Salvador developed and released its own app, called the “Chivo Wallet,” to facilitate cryptocurrency transactions.   

To motivate people to download the app, the government allocated a separate $75 million USD fund, and each individual who registers an account will receive Bitcoin worth $30 USD. Furthermore, they also provided various clear instructions on how to utilize its features for payments, purchases, and receiving remittances.      

El Salvador Bitcoin Adoption 

Since the app’s launch in September 2021, nearly half of the country’s households have downloaded it. However, new household adoption has significantly slowed down since 2022. Of the early adopters who received incentives, over 60% have not made any transactions, and 20% haven’t used their incentives.  

Given that over half of the population relies solely on cash and most people have access to traditional banking services, El Salvador presents an ideal environment for crypto adoption. Furthermore, the Chivo wallet, which offers fee-free conversion from Bitcoin to dollars and provides a $30 incentive, has garnered significant attention. Nearly 78% of the population attempted to download the app, with reasons for not doing so ranging from distrust to a preference for cash.

Among active users who have utilized the app post-incentive, nearly half have not withdrawn cash from Chivo ATMs. Despite the law requiring firms to accept Bitcoins, only 20% comply, while 88% of the firms opt to convert their Bitcoins into dollars. 

Future Outlook For Bitcoin Investment in El Salvador

  • Financial Inclusion: Embracing Bitcoin as a legal tender has the potential to enhance financial inclusion by ensuring accessibility to financial services for the country’s unbanked population. 
  • Regulatory Scrutiny: As cryptocurrencies continue to evolve, regulatory bodies around the world are closely monitoring developments in El Salvador. The country’s approach to Bitcoin adoption could establish a precedent for future cryptocurrency regulatory decisions.  
  • Economic Growth: Bitcoin adoption holds promise for attracting foreign investment and fostering economic growth in El Salvador. It also reduces remittance costs, leading to a larger income for many households. 
  • Global Implications: El Salvador’s decision to adopt Bitcoin has garnered significant attention globally and has prompted interest among other nations regarding similar initiatives. The outcome of this experiment may influence the decisions of other countries regarding cryptocurrency adoption. 

Challenges Regarding Bitcoin Investment in El Salvador

El Salvador’s decision to legalize Bitcoin has the potential to catalyze significant changes to the global financial system. However, there are several challenges that need to be addressed. They are:

  • Technological Challenges: Many Salvadorans lack familiarity with the tools necessary to use Bitcoin, which can hinder widespread adoption. To solve this issue, efficient technological solutions that are user-friendly and usable by all are important.
  • Social Challenges: Convincing Salvadorians of the benefits of Bitcoin as a trading method presents a formidable challenge. However, the key to overcoming this obstacle lies in effectively communicating the potential benefits of Bitcoin to the population.
  • Economic and Financial Risks: Integrating Bitcoin into the financial market carries inherent risks that could impact the country’s economic stability. Proactive measures to address these risks, such as regulatory safeguards and risk management strategies, are imperative to ensure the smooth integration of Bitcoin into El Salvador’s financial ecosystem.


El Salvador’s decision regarding Bitcoin adoption marks a groundbreaking initiative with far-reaching implications for economic growth, financial inclusion, and global crypto adoption. As it continues to navigate the challenges and opportunities of integrating Bitcoin into its economy, the country’s experience will serve as a valuable asset.   

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